Section 2 (cb): THE FIRST SCHEDULE: List of Industries involving Hazardous Processes

[Enactments repealed. Repealed by the Repealing & Amending Act, 1950 (35 of 1950), Section 2 & Schedule I]

THE FIRST SCHEDULE {See Section 2 (cb)}

List of Industries involving Hazardous Processes

  1. Ferrous Metallurgical Industries:
  • Integrated Iron & Steel
  • Ferro – alloys
  • Special Steels
  1. Non-Ferrous Metallurgical Industries:
  • Primary Metallurgical Industries namely Zinc, Lead, Copper, Manganese & Aluminum.
  1. Foundries (ferrous & non ferrous):
  • Castings & Forgings including cleaning or smoothening / roughening by sand & shot blasting.
  1. Coal (including Coke) industries:
  • Coal, Lignite, Coke, etc.
  • Fuel Gases (including Coal Gas, Producer Gas, Water Gas)
  1. Power Generating Industries.
  1. Pulp & Paper (including paper products) industries.
  1. Fertilizer Industries:
  • Nitrogenous
  • Phosphatic
  • Mixed
  1. Cement Industries:
  • Portland Cement (including slag cement, puzzolona cement & their products)
  1. Petroleum industries:
  • Oil Refining
  • Lubricating Oils & Greases
  1. Petro – chemical Industries.
  1. Drugs & Pharmaceutical Industries.
  • Narcotics, Drugs & Pharmaceuticals.
  1. Fermentation Industries (Distilleries & Breweries) 
  1. Rubber (Synthetic) Industries.
  1. Paints & Pigments Industries.
  1. Leather Tanning Industries.
  1. Electro-plating Industries.
  1. Chemical Industries:
  • Coke Oven By products & Coal tar distillation products.
  • Industrial Gases (nitrogen, oxygen, acetylene, argon, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, sulphur dioxide, nitrous oxide, halogenated hydrocarbon, ozone, etc.
  • Industrial Carbon
  • Alkalies & Acids
  • Chromates & dichromate’s
  • Leads & its compound
  • Electro chemicals (metallic sodium, potassium & magnesium, chlorates, perchlorates & peroxides)
  • Electro thermal products (artificial abrasive, calcium carbide)
  • Nitrogenous compounds (cyanides, cyanamides & other nitrogenous compounds)
  • Phosphorous & its compounds
  • Halogens & Halogenated compounds (Chlorine, Fluorine, Bromine & Iodine)
  • Explosives (including industrial explosives & detonators & fuses)
  1. Insectides, Fungicides, Herbicides & other Pesticides Industries.
  1. Synthetic Resin & Plastics 
  1. Man made Fibre (Cellulosic & non cellulosic) Industry.
  1. Manufacture & repair of electric accumulators.
  1. Glass & Ceramics 
  1. Grinding or glazing of metals.
  1. Manufacture, handling & processing of asbestos & its products.
  1. Extraction of oils & fats from vegetable & animal sources.
  1. Manufacture, handling & use of benzene & substances containing benzene.
  1. Manufacturing processes & operations involving carbon disulphide.
  1. Dyes & Dyestuff including their intermediates.
  1. Highly flammable liquids & gases.

 

Rules made under sections 41 – B, 41 – C and 112 (Page 33,34 & 71) specific responsibility of the occupier in relation to hazardous process.

Rule 73 – V. Medical Examination:

  1. Workers employed in a ‘hazardous process’ shall be medically examined by a qualified medical practitioner hereinafter referred to as Factory Medical Officer, in the following manner, namely:-
  • Once before employment to ascertain physical fitness of the person to do the particular job.
  • Once in a period of 6 months, to ascertain the health status of all the workers in respect of occupational health hazards to which they are exposed, and in cases where in the opinion of the Factory Medical officer it is necessary to do so at a shorter interval in respect of any worker,
  • The details of pre-employment and periodical medical examinations carried out as aforesaid shall be recorded in the Health Register in Form 7.
  1. No person shall be employed for the first time without certificate of Fitness in Form 6 granted by the Factory Medical Officer. If the Factory Medical Officer declares such a person unfit for being employed in any process covered under sub – rule(1), such a person shall have the right to appeal to the Certifying Surgeon whose opinion shall be final in this regard.
  1. Any findings of the Factory Medical Officer revealing any abnormality or unsuitability of any person employed in the process, shall immediately be reported to the Certifying Surgeon who shall in turn, examine the concerned worker and communicate his findings to the occupier within 30 days. If the Certifying Surgeon is of the opinion that the worker so examined is required to be taken away from the process for health protection, he will direct the occupier accordingly, who shall not employ the said worker in the same process. However, the worker so taken away shall be provided with alternate placement unless he is fully incapacitated, in the opinion of the Certifying Surgeon, in which case the worker affected shall be suitably rehabilitated:

Provided that, the Certifying Surgeon on his own may examine any worker when he considers it necessary to so for ascertaining the suitability of his employment in the ‘hazardous process’ or for ascertaining the health status of any worker.

  1. The worker taken away from employment in any process under sub-rule (2) may be employed again in the same process only after obtaining the Fitness Certificate from the Certifying Surgeon and after making entries to that effect in the Health Register (Form 7).
  1. An inspector may, if he deems it necessary to do so, refer a worker to the Certifying Surgeon for Medical Examination as required under sub – rule (1). The opinion of the Certifying Surgeon in such a case shall be final. The fee required for this medical examination shall be paid by the occupier.
  1. The worker required to undergo medical examination under these rules and for any medical survey conducted by or on behalf of the Central or the State Government shall not refuse to undergo such medical examination.

 

Rule 73 – W. Occupational Health Centres:-

  1. In respect of any factory carrying on ‘Hazardous Process’ there shall be provided and maintained in good order an Occupational Health Centre with the services and facilities as per scale laid down hereunder:-
  • For factories employing upto 50 workers
  • The services of Factory Medical Officer on retainership basis, in his clinic to be notified by the occupier. He will carry out the pre-employment and periodical medical examination as stipulated in rule 73 V and render medical assistance during any emergency;
  • A minimum of 5 persons trained in first-aid procedures amongst whom at least one shall always be available during the working period;
  • A fully equipped first-aid box,
  • For factories employing 51 to 200 workers
  • An Occupational Health Centre having a room with a minimum floor area of 15 sq.m. with floors and walls made of smooth and impervious surface and with adequate illumination and ventilation as well as equipments as per the schedule annexed to this rule;
  • A part – time Factory Medical Officer shall be in overall charge of the Centre who shall visit the factory at least twice in a week and whose services shall be readily available during medical emergencies.;
  • One qualified and trained dresser cum compounder on duty throughout the working period;
  • A fully equipped First aid box in all the departments.
  • For factories employing above 200 workers
  • One full time Factory Medical Officer for factories employing upto 500 workers and one more Medical officer for every additional 1000 workers or part thereof;
  • An Occupational Health Centre having at least 2 rooms each with a minimum floor area of 15 sq.m. with floors and walls made of smooth and impervious surface and adequate illumination and ventilation as well as equipments as per the schedule annexed to this rule.
  • There shall [xxxx} one dresser cum compounder and one sweeper cum ward boy throughout the working period;
  • The Occupational Health Centre shall be suitably equipped to manage medical emergencies.
  1. The Factory Medical Officer, required to be appointed under sub – rule (1) shall have qualifications included in Schedule to the Indian Medical Degree Act of 1916 or in the Schedules to the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 and possess a Certificate of Training in Industrial Health of minimum three months duration recognized by the State Government.

Provided that –

  • A person possessing a Diploma in Industrial Health or equivalent shall not be required to possess the Certificate of training as aforesaid;
  • The Chief Inspector may, subject to such conditions as he may specify, grant exemption from requirement of this sub – rule, if in his opinion a suitable person possessing the necessary qualification is not available for appointment;
  • In case of a person who has been working as a Factory Medical Officer for a period of not less than 3 years on the date of commencement of this rule, the Chief Inspector may, subject to the condition that the said person shall obtain the aforesaid certificate of training within a period of three years, relax the qualification.
  1. The Syllabus of the Course leading to the above Certificate, and the organizations conducted the course shall be approved by the DG FASLI or the State Government in accordance with the guidelines issued by DG FASLI.
  1. Within one month of the appointment of a Factory Medical Officer, the occupier of the factory shall furnish to the Chief Inspector the following particulars, namely:-
  • Name and address of the Factory Medical Officer.
  • Qualifications
  • Experience, if any, and
  • The sub-rule under which appointed.

SCHEDULE

Equipment for Occupational Health Centres in Factories

  1. A glazed sink with hot and cold water always available.
  2. A table with a smooth top at least 180 cm. X 105 cm.
  3. Means for sterilizing instruments.
  4. A couch.
  5. Two buckets or containers with close fitting lids.
  6. A kettle and spirit stove or other suitable means of boiling water.
  7. One bottle of spiritus ammoniac aromaticus (120 ml).
  8. Two medium size sponges.
  9. Two ‘Kidney’ trays.
  10. Four cakes of toilet, preferably antiseptic soap.
  11. Two glass tumblers and two wine glasses.
  12. Two clinical thermometers.
  13. Two tea spoons.
  14. Two graduated (120 ml) measuring glasses.
  15. One wash bottle (1000 cc) for washing eyes.
  16. One bottle (one litre) carbolic lotion 1 in 20.
  17. Three chairs.
  18. One screen.
  19. One electric hand torch.
  20. An adequate supply of tetanus Toxoid.
  21. Coramine liquid (60 ml)
  22. Tablets – antihistaminic, antispasmodic (25 each)
  23. Syringes with needles – 2 cc, 5 cc and 10 cc.
  1. Two needle holders, big and small.
  2. Suturing needles and materials.
  3. One dissecting forceps.
  4. One dressing forceps.
  5. One scalpel.
  6. One stethoscope.
  7. Rubber bandage – pressure bandage.
  8. Oxygen cylinder with necessary attachments.
  9. One Blood pressure apparatus.
  10. One Patellar Hammer.
  11. One Peak-flow meter for Lung function measurement.
  12. One Stomach wash set.
  1. Any other equipment recommended by the Factory Medical Officer according to specific need relating to manufacturing process.
  1. In addition:-

 For factories employing 51 to 200 workers

  1. Four plain wooden splints 900 mm X 100 mm X 6 mm.
  2. Four plain wooden splints 350 mm X 75 mm x 6 mm.
  • Two plain wooden splints 250 mm X 50 mm X 12 mm.
  1. One pair artery forceps.
  2. Injections – morphia, pethidine, atropine, adrenaline, coramine,

Novocaine (2 each)

  1. One surgical scissors
  • For factories employing above 200 workers
  1. Eight plain wooden splints 900 mm X 100 mm X 6 mm
  2. Eight plain wooden splints 350 mm X 75 mm X 6 mm
  • Four plain wooden splints 250 mm X 50 mm X 12 mm
  1. Two pair artery forceps.
  2. Injections – morphia, Pethidine, atropine, adrenaline, coramine,

novocaine (4 each).

  1. Two surgical scissors.

Rule 73 – X, Ambulance Vans:-

  • In any factory carrying on ‘hazardous process’, there shall be provided and maintained in good condition, a suitably constructed ambulance van equipped with items as per sub-rule (2) and manned by the full time Driver – cum – Mechanic and Helper trained in First aid, for the purpose of transportation of serious cases of accidents or sickness. The ambulance van shall not be used for any purpose other than the purpose stipulated herein and will normally be stationed at or near the Occupational Health Centre.

Provided that, a factory employing less than 200 workers, may make arrangements  for procuring such facility at short notice from nearby hospital or other places, to meet any emergency.

  • The ambulance should have the following equipments
  • General – A wheeled stretcher with folding and adjusting devices with the head of the stretcher capable of being tilted upward; Fixed suction unit with equipment; Fixed oxygen supply with equipment, Pillow with case; Sheets-Blankets; Towels; Emesis bag, Bed pan, Urinal glass.
  • Safety equipment – Flaros with life of 30 minutes; Flash lights, Fire extinguisher dry powder type; Insulated gauntlets.
  • Emergency care equipments:
  1. Resuscitation, portable suction unit, portable oxygen units, Bag – Valve mask, hand operated artificial ventilation unit, airways-mouth gags – Tracheostomy adopters, short spine board – IV fluids with administration unit, B.P. monometer – Cugg Stethoscope.
  2. Immobilization – Long and short padded boards – Wire ladder splints; Triangular bandages – Long and short spine boards.
  • Dressings:- Gauze pads – 4”X4” – Universal; dressing – 10”X36”; Roll of aluminium foils – Soft roller bandages 6” X 5 yards – Adhesive tape in 3 “ roll – Safety pins; Bandage sheets; Burn sheet.
  1. Poisoning – Syrup of Ipecae; Activated Charcoal Pre-packeted in doses:- Snake bite kit, Drinking water.
  2. Emergency medicines – As per requirement (under the advice of Medical officer)